Charles Meynier – Apollo, God of Light, Eloquence, Poetry and the Fine Arts with Urania, Muse of Astronomy (1789-1800)
“Thor’s Fight with the Giants” by Mårten Eskil Winge
“Thor’s Fight with the Giants” by Mårten Eskil Winge depicts the Norse god Thor in a battle against the evil spirits called Jötnar. The thunder god is shown riding his chariot pulled by Thor’s loyal goats. He is wearing his belt of power and swinging his hammer of thunder. Thor is depicted as strong, blond, brave and fearless. The original audience of the 1870s interpreted the painting as a depiction of good battling evil.
In Germanic mythology, Thor is the hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, oak trees, the protection of humankind and fertility. This painting was created in 1872 and became popular among contemporary nationalists.
Located just east of the Roman Forum, the massive stone amphitheater known as the Colosseum was commissioned around A.D. 70-72 by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the Roman people. In A.D. 80, Vespasian’s son Titus opened the Colosseum–officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater–with 100 days of games, including gladiatorial combats and wild animal fights. After four centuries of active use, the magnificent arena fell into neglect, and up until the 18th century it was used as a source of building materials. Though two-thirds of the original Colosseum has been destroyed over time, the amphitheater remains a popular tourist destination, as well as an iconic symbol of Rome and its long, tumultuous history.
Oath of the Horatii
Oath of the Horatti is an oil painting produced in 1784 by French painter Jacques Louis David.
Oath of the Horatti is considered as one of the best known paintings in the Neoclassical style by Jacques Louis David.
The picture depicts a scene of a dispute between two warring cities from a Roman legend, Rome and Alba Longa stresses the importance of self-sacrifice, masculine and patriotism for one’s country. The history tell us that instead sending their armies to war the two cities agree to choose three men from their own each city, the man who won the fight will be the regarded as the victorious man and victorious city. So, three brothers from a Roman family (namely the Horatii) agreed to fight with the three brothers from a family of Alba Longa (namely the Curiatii) resulting the winner by the end of war. The three brothers of Rome, willing to sacrifice their lives are shown in the picture, saluting their father who holds their swords out for them.
” Fallen Angel ” by Alexandre Cabanel
Year: 1868 / Type: oil, canvas / Location: Private Collection
”Leonidas at Thermopylae” by Jacques-Louis David/ Year 1814
The Battle of Thermopylae pitted an alliance of Greek city-states, led by Sparta, against the Persian army under the reign of Xerxes I. It is remembered today mostly for the bravery of the Spartan leader Leonidas, who held the Persians at bay for two days by guarding the only passable road. The Persian army then discovered a path that led behind the Greek lines. Leonidas dismissed the vast majority of the army and kept only a small contingent of 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians, and 400 Thebans, almost all of whom were killed. This famous image of Leonidas was created over two thousand of years later by the French court painter Jacques-Louis David.
”BELISARIUS AT THE GATES OF CONSTANTINOPLE”
BY GIOVANNI PAOLO PANINI
Type: Oil on canvas
Historical Period: Rococo-1720-1780
School: Italian – Roman